What Does Your Doctor, Dentist, Psychologist, Barber And Today's Modern Hair Salons Have In Common?
The answer might surprise you! As history shows; professional barbers and cosmetologists have created and developed most of today's modern professional industries. That's right, the medical, textile, industrial, fashion, entertainment, manufacturing and beauty industries are just a few that were developed by a professional barber and cosmetologists that were cutting your ancestors hair.
You see a professional cosmetologists / barber possess some very unique traits by nature which allows their artistic imagination and inspiration to develop a product and or service thus creating many of today's industries. These unique traits and strive for success have made your modern hair salon the world's leader in creating more jobs, skills, trades, inventions, and industries then any other profession in history. Let's take a closer look at the history of your modern hair salon and see some of the industries that were created behind the chair!
Dental tools at the Ed Jeffers Barber Museum
The modern day cosmetologist (hair dressers) and barbers have a long history of inventions and medical procedures that have created most of today's modern professionals and developed many of today's global industries. Professions such as your dentists, doctors, surgeons, colorists, chemists, chiropractors, physiology, psychology, therapists, massage, wig makers to hundreds of industries such as beauty, marketing, medical, textiles, fashion, health, manufacturing, marketing and more have all started from your local salons and barber shops over many, many year. That is right; many of today's professional industries were created and first practiced by your local hair salons and barber shops. Today, barbers and stylists are among only a few professionals whom are legally licensed to touch the human body outside the medical field due to continued development in personal care, rich history and continued leadership in developing new industries. Think about it for a second the next time you are getting a hair cut, one of the world's oldest industries have created more jobs and industries then any other profession in history.
The advanced training of today's stylists and barbers include but are not limited to the human anatomy, personal care, physiology, therapy, cutting, chemistry, marketing, coloring, cleanness, personal care, hair structures, hair therapy, styling, massage, communication, pressure points, and much much more.
So let's take a short journey into how your hair salons vast history is filled with pride and can claim the title of being the world's largest job creator of all times:
Barbering Ancient Uses That Included Spiritual, Social, Medical, And Ones Quest For World Domination! LOL, It's True!
Here is some of the history fact on the ancient art of barbering which has evolved into trades for millions of professionals around the world today.
- The barber’s art of shaving beards and cutting hair is an ancient trade from the beginning.
- Long before there was history, there were stone razor blades, found among the relics of the Bronze Age.
- It began with primitive men who believed that both good and bad spirits entered individuals through the hair that inhabited the body, and the only way to drive the bad ones out was by cutting one’s hair.
- Elaborate rituals were constructed around marriages and baptism to ward off bad spirits and retain the good ones.
- Hair, it seems, had been a very important social and religious issue throughout the history of mankind, especially since many ancient superstitions revolved around hair as still to this day.
- It is known that the Egyptians were very picky people where hair was concerned; ancient monuments and papyrus showed people being shaved, Egyptian priests were de-haired every three days.
- Barbers in Greece have had an important niche in society since the fifth century B.C.; in fact, the Greeks seemed to be so fastidious where facial hair was concerned that one prominent Greek politician was defeated by an opponent who had a neater beard trim.
- The Romans had barbers since 296 B.C, when Ticinius Mena came from Sicily, bringing with him the art of shaving.
- These shops prospered among the chatter of all free men, who were set apart from the slaves by the absence of beards.
- In fact, the art of shaving seemed to have military strategy value as well. The Persians defeated Alexander the Great’s men because the Macedonians then had beards, which the Persians could grab and pull their enemies to the ground before spearing them to death.
- After such attacks, "Alexander the Great" ordered his troops to be shaved so their enemies could not use the same tactics again and thus after built the strongest army of Alexander the great as history remembers.
A Made In The USA Marvy Pole # 74,999 Marvy Pole#74,999 Made In The USA Barber Pole At The Ed Jeffers Barber Museum in Ohio
Barbers and Surgeons
At some time in the past, you may have seen the revolving pole outside a shop, painted red and white, and sometimes blue as well. For many of us, this will stir images of the high-backed chairs and white-draped figures, shaving foam, and old-fashioned razors of barber shops. Even after most of these shops have been replaced by the more fashionable updated hair salons, some of them still sport the candy cane-striped pole in one form or another.
Historically, barbers were also your dentists and surgeons, versatile performers of tooth extraction and enemas, bloodletting and wound surgery.
These barber-surgeons formed their first official organization in France in the year 1096, after the archbishop of Rouen prohibited the wearing of a beard.
These shops were as they are today the communities meeting place where one would seek advice on personal matters and receive services to keep everyone healthy.
Later, as medicine became more defined as a field of its own, efforts were made to separate the academic surgeons from these barber-surgeons.
In Paris, about 1210 A.D., identification of the academic "surgeons as surgeons of the long robe" and the barber-surgeons as "surgeons of the short robe" was established and still an trademark used today over 800 years later.
In 1308, the world’s oldest barber organization, still known in London as the “Worshipful Company of Barbers” was founded.
In an effort to systematically instruct barbers in surgery, a school was set up in France in the middle of the 13th century by the Brotherhoods of St. Cosmos and St. Domains.
The guild of French barbers and surgeons was established in 1391, and by 1505, barbers were allowed entrance to the University of Paris.
The father of modern surgery, Ambroise Pare (1510-1590), was himself a common barber-surgeon before he embraced medicine and became the most famous surgeon of the Renaissance Period.
Pare was a surgeon in the French army and was the chief surgeon to both Charles IX and Henri III.
In England, barbers were chartered as a guild called the Company of Barbers in 1462 by Edward IV.
The surgeons established their own guild 30 years later in a movement to create 2 trades from the 1 thus charging more for the same service.
Although these two guilds were merged as one by statute of Henry VIII in 1540 under the name of United Barber-Surgeons Company in England, they were still separated: barbers displayed blue and white poles, and were forbidden to carry out surgery except for teeth-pulling and bloodletting; surgeons displayed red and white-striped poles, and were not allowed to shave people or cut their hair.
Also, Louis XV of France decreed in 1743 that barbers were not to practice surgery.
In 1745, George II passed several acts to separate surgeons from barbers.
The surgeons went on to form a corporation with the title of “Masters, Governors and Commonalty of the Honorable Society of the Surgeons in London”, which was eventually dissolved in 1800 during the reign of George III and replaced by the Royal College of Surgeons.
Barbers and the practice of blood-letting to cure diseases
To understand this practice, we must first go back even further in time to the golden age of the Greeks.
Hippocrates, the father of modern medicine, is given credit for being the first to conceive the notion that disease had a rational cause and therefore a rational cure.
From borrowed knowledge apparently from China and India, he brought together the concept that bodies had four types of humors: blood, phlegm, black bile, and yellow bile.
From this knowledge, his theory that disease caused imbalance in these fluids; others thought that it was the imbalance of these humors that caused disease.
Hippocrates concluded that it was bad diet, absence of exercise, poor air, and injuries that were responsible for illnesses.
Hippocrates, although a Greek, has been a hero of the Western medical world.
Spurred by his teachings, the Roman Empire built intricate aqueducts that supplied fresh water, bath houses and efficient sewage removal systems to almost every major Roman city; a course of action that has surely saved hundreds of thousands of lives from water-borne infectious diseases.
Unfortunately, he also had a shortcoming in that he was wrong about the four humors, Hippocrates also had the mistaken notion that bloodletting could eliminate an “overbalance” of blood.
From the theory of relating diseases with the imbalances of the four humors, came the theories that diseases and mental illness could be cured if a balance could be restored.
The four humors (blood, phlegm, yellow bile, and black bile) were compared to the basic elements of air, water, fire, and earth; and bodily fluids were thought to consist of various combinations of these elements.
The grisly art of bloodletting flourished during the Dark Ages, when medicine degenerated, people were mostly illiterate and the physicians of the time were monks and priests, whose thinking was deeply ingrained in religion. Barbers were first appointed assistants to the physician-clergy.
The practice of blood-letting was believed that the removal of old blood aloud the body to generate new blood thus curing sickness, pain, mental illness, diseases while increasing your memory and still to this day some believe in this ancient practice.
Later, in 1163 at the council of Tours, it was declared sacrilegious for the clergy to draw blood from the human body, and these ministers of God were then banned from medical practices.
Barber Surgeon Bleeding Instruments
The Decline of Barbering and Bloodletting
It was barbers, who were after all, masters of the razor, who continued this bloodletting tradition and taught many surgeons the skills needed to preform surgery thus creating modern skills still used today.
For awhile they were given free rein in the business; until people started complaining that they were getting sicker instead of better.
Although barbers were becoming handicapped with the rise of medicine and developments in surgery being separated from their trade, they still pursued their bloodletting practices.
Finally in London, in 1745, after a series of investigations, a bill was passed to separate barbers and surgeons for good. It has been proven that by the surgeons charging more they were able to purchase better tools and medicines to fight illness.
This marked the decline of barbers as practitioners of medicine and by the end of the 18th century, most barbers had given up their rights to perform surgery; except in small towns where surgeons were still not available.
Today’s barbers consist of both males and females, again occupying an important niche in society as the barbers of old had, cutting and styling hair to meet the demands of the public. Only today’s barbers no longer carry out bloodletting practices. The barbers and stylists of today are still viewed by many as the social community place where one can talk freely about anything. Some of today's society still looks at the barbers and stylists as their closest friends and therapists since after their visit they feel refreshed and new again.
Facts on the above information compiled and based on information found in the Medical history of doctors, Encyclopedia Britannica; William Benton, Publisher: Chicago; 1968; Vol. 3, pages 148-149 and 327-328. Additional information was gleaned from Internet sources; such as: History of Barbers; Ed Jeffers Barber Museum, Barber Poles; Barber History and more.
(The information and tips listed here are just some insider secrets published by hair studio 322 Inc. Published 7/1 (R)2C #82 hairstudio322.com.)